PSSandCSCinUK_JBR.csv (18.45 kB)
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Data supporting the publication 'Product-service systems and circular supply chain practices in UK SMEs: The moderating effect of internal environmental orientation'

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Data file 1. PSSandCSCinUK_JBR.csv

Data are available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

Many studies uphold product-service systems (PSSs) as key factors for the implementation of circular supply chain (CSC) practices. This paper explores this assumption by testing the links between product-, use- and result-oriented PSSs and slowing, closing, and narrowing CSC practices. It develops and validates survey items that can be used to benchmark CSC practice implementation. In addition, it tests a model that recognises the positive moderating role of internal environmental orientation. A survey is conducted with 114 manufacturing small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the United Kingdom (UK). Partial least squares structural equation modelling is conducted to evaluate two models. The results show that product-oriented PSSs positively affect the slowing, use-oriented positively affects the closing, and result-oriented positively affects the slowing and the narrowing of resource loops. Internal environmental orientation does not moderate the PSS – CSC relationship, suggesting that less internally environmentally oriented firms are not at a disadvantage.


The Circular European Economy Innovative Training Network, Circ€uit, funded by the European Commission under the Horizon 2020 Marie Skłodowska Curie Action 2016 (Grant Agreement number 721909).


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